Nigeria’s oil, gas sales rose to N1.22trn in 2017


…As Power sector losing N24bn monthly to imported fuel –Fashola***

Nigeria crude and oil gas sales rose sharply to N1.22 trillion in 2017, according to data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria, CBN.

The CBN, in its Economic Report for the Fourth Quarter of 2017, disclosed that the amount earned by the Federation from crude oil and gas sales in 2017, appreciated by 213.6 per cent or N831 billion as against N389.55 billion recorded in 2016.

Giving a breakdown of the country’s oil and gas sales in 2017, the report noted that in the first and second quarters of the year, crude oil and gas revenue stood at N78.63 billion and N101.33 billion respectively; while it rose sharply to N771.18 billion in the third quarter, before dropping to close the fourth quarter at N236.69 billion.

According to the report, total crude oil and gas sales in 2017 accounted for 29.7 per cent of gross oil revenue in the year under review. Particularly, the report disclosed that the country recorded gross oil revenue of N4.11 trillion in 2017, appreciating by 52.5 per cent or N1.42 trillion, from N2.7 trillion recorded in 2016.

“Gross oil receipt at N1.226 trillion or 60.1 per cent of the total revenue, was lower than both the proportionate quarterly budget estimate and the receipts in the preceeding quarter by 9.1 per cent and 3.5 per cent, respectively.

The decline in oil revenue relative to the proportionate quarterly budget estimate was attributed to the fall in receipts from crude oil/gas exports. This was due to the drop in crude oil production, arising from leakages and shut-ins/shut-downs,” the report explained.

In addition, the report stated that Nigeria’s crude oil production, including condensates and natural gas liquids, closed in the fourth quarter of 2017 at an average of 1.80 million barrels per day (MBD) or 165.60 million barrels in the three-month period, representing a decline of 0.03 mbd or 1.8 per cent, compared with 1.83 mbd or 168.36 million barrels recorded in the third quarter.

The CBN blamed the decline in Nigeria’s crude oil output on shut-ins/shut-down in some of the production facilities across the oil-producing areas of the country.

The report also added that Nigeria’s crude oil export for the fourth quarter of 2017 dipped by 2.4 per cent, from 126.96 million barrels or an average of 1.38 million barrels per day in the third quarter of 2017 to 124.20 million barrels or 1.35 million barrels per day.

It said, “The development was due, mainly, to continued commitment by OPEC and Non-OPEC countries to avoid flooding the global market, despite the exemption of Nigeria from the production cap agreement.” The report also noted that allocation of crude oil for domestic consumption was maintained at 0.45 million barrels per day or 41.40 million barrels in the entire fourth quarter.

The CBN also noted that, “The average spot price of Nigeria’s reference crude oil, the Bonny Light (37° API) rose from $52.92 per barrel in the third quarter of 2017 to $62.48 per barrel in the review quarter. This represented an increase of 18.1 per cent.

In the meantime, the Nigerian electricity supply industry is losing an estimated N24bn monthly as a result of the importation of fuel such as diesel for alternative sources of energy, the Minister of Power, Works and Housing, Babatunde Fashola, has said.

According to Fashola, Nigerians consume about 300 million litres of diesel every month and 75 per cent of this volume is imported, while about 40 per cent is used in generators to produce electricity.

The minister stated these at the 24th monthly power sector stakeholders’ meeting hosted by the Transmission Company of Nigeria in Abuja on Monday, and explained that about N24bn was being lost by the sector as a result of the importation of fuel on a monthly basis.

Fashola, who was represented by the Minister of State II for Power, Works and Housing, Suleiman Hassan, said, “Many power consumers use diesel. Diesel importation has been declining over the last two years. Many are reporting that they ran their generators for noticeably few hours. This is progress. However, Nigerians still consume about 300 million litres of diesel every month and most of this is used to power generators.

“About 75 per cent is imported, putting pressure on scarce foreign exchange. Assuming 40 per cent of the consumption is used for power generation at an average of price of N200 per litre, the electricity industry is losing N24bn every month largely to imported energy.”

He also stated that the amount used in importing fuel as an alternative source for generating power could be channelled for use in the electricity supply industry, as about 2,000 megawatts of power remained unutilised in the sector.

Fashola said, “There is about 2,000MW of electricity generating capacity that is unutilised. Therefore, the challenge of the moment before the industry is how to deliver the unutilised capacity to consumers, who are willing to pay for it and are already paying dearly for alternatives.

“Problems like this require creative solutions and we don’t have any time to waste. The N701.9bn payment reassurance programme is a creative solution that appears to be having the desired effect for stabilising the gas and generation end of the electricity industry.

“If we can creatively and constructively focus on specific win-win projects, four policies provide effective tools to quickly resolve the challenges we now face. The first two, the eligible customer regulation and the meter service provider regulation, are already subjects of detailed discussions and NERC regulatory action.”

Fashola added that the eligible customer regulation allowed large consumers to buy their power directly from the generation companies and then enter into contracts with the Transmission Company of Nigeria and distribution companies to have the power delivered to them.

“To plan an orderly win-win implementation of this policy, the ministry is hosting a discussion with the Manufacturers Association of Nigeria and other interested large consumers of the policy on Tuesday (today),” the minister said.

He stated that the meter service provider regulation could unlock investments in metering, which was urgently needed to boost consumer trust and collection efficiency.

The minister added “Government seeks to apply that policy through private companies and local meter manufacturers to invest N39bn in meters as settlement of a court judgement in favour of the government.

“The distribution expansion programme aims to rapidly construct 2,500MVA of dedicated 33kV lines and packaged substations to deliver unutilised power to target consumers and Discos. It is our hope that we will all put our heads together to serve the public effectively.”

Vanguard with additional report from Punch