Intercargo: Bulker Casualties Claimed 202 Seafarer Lives in Last 10 Years


…As DFDS Raises USD 160 Mn***

A total of fifty-three bulk carriers over 10,000 dwt have been identified as total losses over the past ten years, according to the latest edition of International Association of Dry Cargo Shipowners’ (Intercargo) Bulk Carrier Casualty Report.

A staggering 202 crewmembers have lost their lives as consequence, or on average 20 lives lost per year during the reporting period from 2008 to 2017.

The highest loss of life has been attributed to cargo failure (liquefaction), totaling 101 lives lost or 50 pct of the total loss of life resulting from nine casualties.

“Cargo shift and liquefaction continue to be a great concern for the life of seafarers and the safe carriage of dry bulk cargoes over this period,” Intercargo said.

The most common reported cause of ship losses has been grounding, accounting for 41.5 pct of total losses, followed by flooding (15.1 pct) and unknown causes in the cases of six ships that claimed 61 lives, among them the two casualties in 2017, Stellar Daisy and Emerald Star.

“In 2017, the tragic losses of M/V Stellar Daisy, carrying an iron ore cargo, and M/V Emerald Star, with a nickel ore cargo, raised questions of structural integrity and safety condition of high-density cargoes carried on board. These two bulk carrier casualties caused the loss of 32 seafarers, the highest annual loss of lives since 2011,” Intercargo said.

In total, in 2017 the Intercargo database recorded 337 bulk carrier incidents.

In addition, serious concerns arose on the safe carriage of ammonium nitrate-based fertiliser, following the incident of the high temperatures in the cargo holds and the release of gases from the cargo on the 57,000 dwt supramax MV Cheshire in August 2017.

However, specific legislation on adequate mandatory safety requirements to avoid recurrence of such incidents is yet to be developed.

In terms of sizes of bulk carriers that were designated as total losses, 22 Handysize bulk carriers were lost, representing 41.5 pct of the total casualties reported, while most cases happened before 2011. These are followed by 11 Handymaxes, representing 20.8 pct of the total without a clear pattern of improvement through the years.

Supramax suffered 8 ship losses, taking 15.1 pct of the total, with 5 losses related to suspected cargo failure (liquefaction) and consequential loss of 85 lives.

Capesize suffered 7 ship losses, taking 13.2 pct of the total, followed by Panamax losses, representing 9.4 pct of the total.

In terms of annual ship losses, after peaking in 2011, there has been a reduction of ship losses, the association concluded.

In the meantime, Danish shipping and logistics company DFDS has raised USD 160 million via a private placement of shares.

The investors have subscribed for 2,631,578 of new shares at an offer price of DKK 380 per share, raising gross proceeds of approximately DKK 1.0 bn.

“As the offering was oversubscribed by Danish and international professional and institutional investors compared to the targeted gross proceeds of approximately DKK 1.0bn, the shares have been allocated on an individual basis,” DFDS said.

The company said that the net proceeds would be used to help finance the acquisition of U.N Ro-Ro, the planned fleet renewals in both DFDS and U.N. Ro-Ro and for potential investment opportunities during the next 12-18 months.

In April 2018, DFDS announced an agreement to acquire 98.8 pct of Turkey’s largest operator of freight shipping routes, U.N. Ro-Ro.

The company will acquire U.N. Ro-Ro from Turkish private equity firms Actera Group and Esas Holdings for EUR 950 million (USD 1.17 billion) on a debt-free basis, which will be mainly funded through committed debt financing.

The move came on the back of an investment in two combined freight and passenger vessels (RoPax) which are intended for the company’s Baltic routes.

The ships will be built by Guangzhou Shipyard International (GSI) and are expected to be delivered in Q1 and Q3 2021.

DFDS closed the first quarter of the year with 8 pct higher revenue year-on-year standing at DKK 3.5bn. Profit before tax for the period stood at DKK 204 million, up 18.1 pct year-on-year.

“Both growth and earnings were ahead of expectations in Q1 and our full-year growth expectation is now raised to 4 pct and to 10 pct including U.N. Ro-Ro. European growth is robust and continues to support our ferry routes and logistics activities. Our continuous improvement projects are on track and will also contribute to earnings this year,” Niels Smedegaard, CEO of DFDS, said.