Ukraine Seeks Release of Ships, Sailors with International Court Appeal

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…As Russia bans oil exports to Ukraine***

Ukraine has submitted an appeal to the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea (ITLOS) requesting Russia’s release of three detained Ukrainian Navy vessels and the twenty four sailors that were on board.

To remind, the boats and sailors were arrested following a skirmish on November 25, 2018, which occurred after the three vessels attempted to enter the Sea of Azov via the Kerch Strait. The vessels were headed to the Ukrainian Port of Mariupol on the Sea of Azov.

Ukraine submitted the request to ITLOS on April 16, asking it to prescribe provisional measures “to preserve the respective rights of the parties to the dispute or to prevent serious harm to the marine environment”.

In its appeal, Ukraine alleged a violation, by the Russian Federation, “of the sovereign immunity accorded to warships, naval auxiliary vessels, and their passengers and crew under Articles 32, 58, 95, and 96 of the Convention and customary international law.”

With this action, Ukraine seeks an order requiring the Russian Federation to release the Ukrainian naval vessels the Berdyansk, the Nikopol, and the Yani Kapu, suspend criminal proceedings against the detained Ukrainian servicemen, refrain from initiating new proceedings, and allow them to return to Ukraine.

“For the Russian Federation it is a political game and blackmail, and for us it is a struggle for the fate of our citizens and respect for the requirements of international law,” Ukrainian president, Petro Poroshenko, said in a social media post.

The Ukrainian ministry of foreign affairs expects the hearing to be scheduled within the next several weeks, with a decision issued “soon thereafter”.

Russia’s actions in November 2018 have already prompted a reaction by the United States, which, in cooperation with Canada and the EU, sanctioned six Russian companies in response to Russia’s “unjustified” military actions.

In addition, the sanctions target individuals and entities playing a role in the illegal annexation of Crimea, and backing of illegitimate separatist government elections in eastern Ukraine, according to the U.S. Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).

In the meantime, Russian Prime Minister, Dmitry Medvedev, on Thursday said Russia has banned exports of oil and petroleum products to Ukraine, as well as certain Ukrainian imports.

Relations between the former Soviet neighbours have been at an all-time low since Russia’s 2014 annexation of Ukraine’s Crimea region in retaliation for Kiev ousting its Kremlin-backed president.

Medvedev cast the new sanctions, which include bans on importing certain metals, consumer goods and equipment from Ukraine, as counter-measures for Ukrainian sanctions against Russia.

“We are forced to protect our interests and strike back,’’ Medvedev said at a meeting of the cabinet of ministers, Russian state news agency, TASS reported.

“Those Ukrainian imports that are now banned had amounted to about $250 million in 2018,’’ Medvedev added. 

Additional report from World Maritime News