Health and Safety

World Pneumonia Day: Pulmonologist warns against exposure to tobacco smoke, indoor air pollution

World Pneumonia Day: Pulmonologist warns against exposure to tobacco smoke, indoor air pollution
Written by Maritime First

…As Expert cautions women on choice of Brassiers***

Dr Abel Kanji, a Pulmonologist, has stressed the need to avoid tobacco smoke and reduce exposure to indoor air pollution to check the risk of pneumonia in children.

Kanji, a physician who specialises in the respiratory system, said this in an interview on Tuesday in Abuja, on the commemoration of the World Pneumonia Day.

Pneumonia is caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi and leaves children fighting for breath as their lungs get filled with pus and fluid.

World Pneumonia Day is observed globally on Nov. 12 to highlight the severity of pneumonia and bring
people from all over the world to promote the prevention and treatment of the disease.

The theme for 2019 is “Healthy Lungs for All” which aims to promote lung health globally.

The pulmonologist said that to end the preventable burden of childhood pneumonia and deaths,
there was need for government to raise continuous awareness about the ailment.

Kanji appealed to government to strengthen, accelerate and sustain interventions toward preventing and treating pneumonia.

He advised governments to design specific strategies to reach the “hard-to reach” populations to improve accessibility to available interventions and urged experts to conduct research to develop innovative strategies to reduce the burden of pneumonia in the country.

He added that “together with the government, we can end preventable deaths from pneumonia.”

Kanji said that pneumonia was also a common cause of death or illness in the elderly.

He explained that pneumonia was largely preventable, noting that with good nutrition, including exclusive breastfeeding in first four to six months of life and adequate complementary foods, could protect children from pneumonia.

Also read:  Maternal mortality: Expert advises pregnant women to sleep under nets

He said that “comprehensive immunisation, including vaccines against common germs that cause pneumonia such as pneumococcus, measles, whooping cough, diphtheria and influenza should be available to all children to prevent pneumonia.

“Prevention of mother-to-child transmission of HIV, early use of antiretroviral therapy in HIV-infected children and cotrimoxazole prophylaxis for HIV-infected and exposed children, can reduce the burden of childhood pneumonia.”

The physician added that pneumonia was largely treatable with timely access to appropriate management, including antibiotics, referral to hospital and oxygen when needed.

In the meantime, a Gynecologist at the Specialists’ Hospital, Bauchi,Dr Habiba Ismail, has cautioned women  on their choice of brassiers to allow free flow of blood to the breast region.

Ismail gave the advice on Tuesday in Bauchi.

She said that  the use of brassieres that had iron ‘push up’ now fashionable and trending, could impede blood circulation.

” Brassieres with iron are trending but could cause harm to women.

“Women should use brassieres without iron  to allow free flow of blood in the breast region.

“The iron in the brassieres  could lead to breast problems due to the inability of blood to get to the region,”she said.

Ismail said that non-flow of blood could cause ailments related to breast region, including cancer.

She reminded women that cancer of the breast had become a public health issue, hence the need to take preventive measures could not be over emphasized.

 

About the author

Maritime First