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Supreme Court of India gives split verdict on hijab ban

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The Supreme Court of India on Thursday delivered a split verdict on the Karnataka Government’s hijab ban as the bench of Justices Hemant Gupta and Sudhanshu Dhulia could not arrive at a unanimous decision.

Justice Gupta dismissed the pleas challenging the hijab ban in the state and upheld the ban while Justice Dhulia allowed them and set the ban aside.

Siding with the Karnataka High Court’s order, Justice Gupta said that there was a divergence of opinion and asked 11 questions from the petitioner before dismissing their plea.

Meanwhile, Justice Dhulia said: “It’s ultimately a matter of choice and nothing else.

Uppermost in my mind was the education of the girl.

I respectfully disagree with my brother’s judge.”

In light of the judges not being able to make a unanimous decision, the matter had been placed before the Chief Justice of India U.U. Lalit for appropriate directions.

Notably, on September 22, the bench of Justices Gupta and Dhulia had reserved judgment on the pleas against the Karnataka High Court judgment refusing to lift the ban on hijabs after hearing arguments for 10 days.

The hijab issue in educational institutions erupted in December 2021 after some Muslim students in the state’s Udupi district said they were not allowed to enter classrooms due to their hijabs.

The incident prompted Muslim students to stage protests across the state, which later turned violent as Hindu students also took to the streets in counter-protests.

The Hindu students argued that if hijabs were allowed in classrooms, their saffron-coloured scarves (symbolising their Hindu faith) should also be permitted.

In February, the state government issued an order stating that students across the state must wear prescribed uniforms while attending pre-university college.

The government’s decision, however, was challenged by several petitioners in Karnataka’s High Court, as they argued that wearing hijabs is an “essential practice” of Islam.

In March, the Karnataka High Court ruled that all students must wear the prescribed uniform as hijabs weren’t an essential religious garment.

There have been also other incidents when girls donning hijabs were not allowed to enter the pre-university college, denied seats for exams and were even suspended.

According to media reports, seven school officials including teachers from the Gadag district in Karnataka were suspended for allegedly allowing Muslim students to attend exams in hijabs.

However, teachers denied the allegation as they said that students were allowed inside the school premises but they removed the headscarves inside the classrooms.

Similarly, in April, the main petitioners in the hijab row were denied permission to sit for the pre-university second-year exam in the Udupi district.

In the same month, a school in Jammu and Kashmir asked its staff to stop wearing hijabs during school hours.

In a separate incident in June, 12 students in hijabs were denied entry to the classroom and sent home in the Mangalore district of Karnataka.

In the same month, six girls from the Muslim community were suspended in the Dakshina Kannada district of Karnataka for violating the dress code by wearing hijabs.

Later in July, at least 23 girls who staged protests demanding that they should be allowed to wear headscarves inside their classrooms were suspended.

Similarly, Muslim organisations held a protest outside Providence Girls Higher Secondary School in the Kozhikode district of Kerala after the school refused entry to a Muslim girl wearing a headscarf.

 

-Sputnik

 

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Military Destroys 39 Illegal Refineries, Apprehends Oil Thieves; Niger Lifts Curfew on Lambata

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Military Destroys 39 Illegal Refineries, Apprehends Oil Thieves; Niger Lifts Curfew on Lambata

 Defence Headquarters says the troops of the Joint Task Force, Operation Delta Safe, have in the last two weeks destroyed 39 illegal oil refining sites in the South-South zone.

The Director, Defence Media Operations, Maj.-Gen. Musa Danmadami made this known at a bi-weekly news briefing on military operations on Thursday, in Abuja.

Danmadami said the troops in the conduct of Operation Octopus Grip and other operations destroyed 48 cooking ovens, 103 storage tanks, 27 dugout pits and 33 wooden boats during the period.

He said the troops also recovered one tug boat, a barge, 3 pumping machines, three speedboats and 13 vehicles.

According to him, troops recovered 274,000 litres of crude oil, 71,000 litres of Automotive Gas Oil, and 15 Ak47 rifles, while 40 suspected economic saboteurs were arrested.

“All recovered items and apprehended suspects have been handed over to the appropriate authority for further action,” he said.

“Equally, the air component of Operation Delta Safe conducted air interdiction to several illegal refining sites and creeks at Gogokiri Degema and Okrika Local Government Areas both in Rivers State between Jan. 12 and Jan. 24.

“Crew observed the sites to be active makeshift tents sighted as well as illegal refining activities been carried out.

“Targets were engaged with weapons and the locations were observed to have exploded in an inferno while the illegal refining equipment were also destroyed,” he said.

In South East, defence spokesman said the military and other security agencies had sustained the offensive against the activities of the outlawed Indigenous People of Biafra/Eastern Security Network criminals in the zone.

He said the troops had neutralised six terrorists, arrested 24 and rescued 16 abducted civilians.

According to him, several calibres of arms and ammunition including AK47 rifles, pump action rifles, IEDs and locally made explosive pipes among other items were also recovered.

In another development, Gov.  Abubakar Sani-Bello of Niger has directed the lifting of the curfew on Lambata town in Gurara Local Government Area of the state.

The directive is contained in a statement by the Secretary to the state Government, Mr Ahmed Matane in Minna on Thursday.

The governor had on Jan. 15 imposed from 6 p.m. to 6 a.m. as a result of a violent clash that led to the killing of the village head of Lambata, Alhaji Muhammed Abdulsafur.

Matane explained that the lifting of the curfew would begin on Jan. 26.

He said that the curfew was lifted having reviewed the security situation and return of peace in Lambata town and environs.

He said that the state Commissioner of Police, Mr Ogundele Ayodeji had visited Lambata town and commenced investigation into the matter that led to the killing of the village head, stressing that arrests had also been made in connection with the violent clash.

Matane, however, urged the people of Lambata and the public to always be law-abiding and to remain peaceful with one another regardless of social, political or religious affiliations.

According to him, security agencies have been directed to ensure the safety of lives and property of the people of the area.

Matane noted that the governor thanked the residents of Lambata town for their understanding in complying with the curfew.

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Dental Therapist advises regular use of toothpastes against dental diseases

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Dental Therapist advices regular use of toothpastes against dental diseases

A Dental Therapist, Maria Onu, says regular use of toothpastes can prevent dental diseases as toothpaste contain some active ingredients created specifically for such purpose.

She said this on Thursday in an interview in Abuja.

According to Onu, toothpaste is a paste or gel dentifrice used with a toothbrush to clean and maintain the aesthetics and health of the teeth and is generally useful to maintain dental health.

She said, “It is an abrasive used to promote oral hygiene and aids in removing dental plaque or its build-up and food from the teeth while also promoting healthy gums.

“It assists in suppressing halitosis and delivers active ingredients such as fluoride to help prevent tooth decay and gum disease.

“Toothpastes containing fluoride are effective at preventing tooth decay and it’s a very necessary ingredient for toothpastes.

“Toothpaste are made up of 20 to 40 percent of water, abrasives including aluminum hydroxide, calcium hydrogen phosphates, calcium carbonate, silica, and hydroxyapatite.”

She said that a good toothpaste should contain 1450 (parts per million) ppm of fluoride, mainly in the form of sodium fluoride, detergents and sodium lauryl sulfate with concentration ranges of 0.5 to two percent.

Onu said that toothpastes should also contain antibacterial agents such as triclosan or zinc chloride, flavourants including spearmint, peppermint, and wintergreen.

“Anti-sensitivity agents in sensitive toothpastes containing strontium chloride and potassium nitrate or arginine and anti-calculus agents such as sodium polyphosphate or zinc citrate.”

She said that proper oral hygiene would protect the teeth and gums and keep one’s smile beautiful.

She added that brushing the teeth using fluoride toothpaste and toothbrush at least twice a day was a good practice.

“A soft-bristled one for children and a medium toothbrush for adults as hard bristles can damage the gums and tooth enamel.

“When you brush, place your toothbrush at a 45-degree angle toward your gums. This helps sweep away plaque and bacteria at the gum line.

“Also, be sure to brush all teeth surfaces, including the backs and sides,” Onu said. 

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Troops Rescue 16 Persons, kill 3 Bandits in Kaduna

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Troops Rescue 16 Persons, kill 3 Bandits in Kaduna

 Troops of Operation Forest Sanity have rescued 16 persons from Bandits’playground, Kaduna State, in an operation spanning Birnin Gwari-Kaduna Road and a location in Igabi Local Government Area.

The state Commissioner for Internal Security and Home Affairs, Mr. Samuel Aruwan, confirmed the development in a statement on Tuesday in Kaduna.

Aruwan also confirmed that three suspected bandits have been neutralised and three firearms, one explosive and 11 motorcycles recovered.

“According to operational feedback, the troops responded to a distress call along the Udawa-Manini axis of the Birnin Gwari-Kaduna Road.

“The troops arrived to foil the attack, rescuing 15 persons in the process.

“Some of the rescued persons who sustained injuries were rushed to hospital for treatment.

“Similarly, troops of Operation Forest Sanity responded to a distress call from Gonan Doctor village, Igabi LGA, and laid ambush at a likely crossing point in Maraban Huda village.

“Contact was made with the bandits, and following a firefight, one bandit was neutralised,” he said.

He said a kidnapped victim was rescued, though injured by the bandits, and was rushed to the Jaji Cantonment Hospital for treatment, one motorcycle was recovered.

Aruwan further disclosed that in response to credible intelligence of bandits’ movement around an interstate boundary area, troops of Operation Forest Sanity set up ambush positions around Mangoro general area around Chikun-Birnin Gwari LGA, on the boundary with Shiroro LGA of neighbouring Niger State.

“The troops engaged the approaching bandits and neutralised two.

“The troops also recovered one AK47 rifle, one pump action gun, one Improvised Explosive Device, one Baofeng Radio, and 10 motorcycles,” he said.

The commissioner said Gov. Nasir El-Rufai received the reports with gratitude and expressed satisfaction at the breakthroughs recorded by the security forces.

“The Governor commended the troops for the successful rescues, and prayed for the quick recovery of injured victims,” Aruwan said.

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